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Basic Korean Expressions*

 

 

English

 

 

Hangeul

 

Pronunciation

Good Morning/Good Evening/Good Afternoon

 

안녕하세요?

Anyonghaseyo?

(an-yong-ha-se-yo)

Goodbye
(to leaving person)

 

안녕히가세요

Anyonghigaseyo

(an-yong-hee-ka-se-yo)

Goodbye
(to staying person)

 

안녕히게세요

Anyonghigeseyo

(an-yong-hee-keh-se-yo)

 

Thank you

 

감사합니다

Kamsahamnida

(Kam-sah-ham-nee-dah)

 

I'm sorry

 

미안합니다

Mianhamnida

(mee-an-ham-nee-dah)

 

Yes

 

Neh

(neh)

 

No

 

아니요

Aniyo

(ah-nee-yo)

 

Good

 

좋아요

Jowayo

(jo-wah-yo)

 

Bad

 

나빠요

Napayo

(nah-pah-yo)

 

Where are you from?

 

어디에서왔어요?

Odie-esuh wassuyo?

(eo-dee-eh-saw

wah-suh-yo)

 

I'm from _____

 

______에서왔어요

_______eh-seo wassuyo

(_____ eh-saw wah-suh-yo)

 

What's your name?

 

이름이  뭐예요?

reum-ee Moyeyo?
(ee-reum-ee mo-ye-yo)

 

My name is ______

 

저는 ____ 입니다

 

Juneun _________  imnida

(cheo-neun

_______ eem-nee-da)

 

Nice to meet you

 

만나서 반갑습니다

Man-na-seo Bangap-seumnida
(man-na-suh ban-kap-seum-nee-dah)

 

How are you?

 

어떻게 지네세요?

Euddokae jineseyo?

(eoh-ddeo-kae

jee-neh-seh-yo)

 

Do you like _____?

 

_______ 좋아해요?

______ jowaheyo?
(______ jo-wah-hey-yo)

 

Yes, I like _______

 

, _____ 좋아해요

Neh, ______ jowaheyo
(neh, ______ jo-wa-hey-yo)

 

No, I don't like _____

 

아니요, ______ 싫어요

 

Aniyo, ________ shiruyo
(ah-nee-yo, _________ shee-ruh-yo

 

Where is the ______?

 

_______ 어디에요?

________ eodi-eyo?
(_____uh-di-eh-yo)

 

I'm hungry

 

배고파요

Pegopayo
(peh-go-pah-yo)

 

I'm tired

 

피곤해요

Pigonhaeyo
(pee-gon-hae-yo)

 

How much is it?

 

얼마에요?

Eolma eyo?
(Uhl-mah-eh-yo)

 

That's too expensive!

 

너무 비싸요!

numoo bissahyo!
(nuh-moo bee-ssah-yo)

 

That's cheap!

 

그거 싸요

Geu-guh ssayo!
(Keu-guh ssah-yo)

 

It's delicious

 

맛있어요

Mashisuyo

(Ma-shee-suh-yo)

 

Let's go

 

가자

Kaja

(ga-ja)

 

Quickly

 

발리

Ballee

(bahl-lee)

 



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*Notes on Korean pronunciation:

R/L sounds are not differentiated in Korean. There is no hard "R" sound, such the sounds found in "ride", "read" and etc. An "R" sound is really just a soft "L" sound. For example: "I dislike..." in Korean is "...Shiruyo". It could also be spelled "Shiluyo". However, technically both are incorrect since the R/L sound is neither, rather it is a mix of both.

And "L" sounds only sound like "L" sounds in English when there are two of them together or when it is followed by a consonant. Example: the Korean word for "quickly" is "Ballee". In this case two L's are used in order to give stronger emphasis on the "L" sound. However the word Eolma (as in the expression "Eolma-eyo?" which means "How much is it?"), the "L" sound is followed by a consonant (the "M" sound) and therefore two L's are unnecessary.

Oftentimes, "J" sounds are pronounced as a soft "CH". So why not just put "CH" instead? Because, it is still closer to a "J" sound and "CH" is already a letter in the Korean alphabet. There is also no "Z" sound in Korean either. In place of this, the soft "J" sound is used. Which is why beginner students will often say "I saw a jee-bra at the joo," instead of "I saw a zebra at the zoo".

"UH" and"EO" sounds are meant to be pronounced as the "O" sound heard in words like "DOCK" or the "AU" sound in "CAUGHT". Since there is no letter in English that directly corresponds to this sound, the sound "UH" - as in "DUH" - and "EO" are used as it's the closest phonetic equivalents.

"EU" is supposed to make the sound you make when you get punched in the stomach. It's also close to the "U" in "put". For example, in Korean "I am" is "Nah neun".

Click here for a full description of the Korean alphabet


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